How To Cast On Knitting
Enjoy the traditional, warm and contemporary craft of knitting. This Videojug film is designed to help you start at the beginning, casting on, the very first step to any knitting project.
I'm going to show you how to cast on. Casting on in knitting is the first thing you do. It will create the initial series of loops into which you are going to make your knit and purl stitches.
We're going to start with the Simple or Loop Cast On, also called the Backwards Loop. We want to begin by leaving about 4-6 inches or 10 cm of tail and above that spot, we are going to make a slipknot. If you hang the yarn over your fingers so that the tail is in the front and the active loop is at the back, you wrap that yarn around your fingers until you get to the backside, you then want to tuck a loop under from the knuckle side to the fingertip side.
So you tuck a loop of yarn under that piece of yarn, you pick up that loop, take your fingers out and you pull down on the tail. I'm going to do it again. So you are going to wrap that yarn around your fingers, tuck a loop under in this direction, from the knuckle to the fingertip side, pick up that loop, fingers out and pull down on the tail.
That will make an adjustable knot so that you won't have a loose spot at the beginning of your knitting. Most cast on methods start by using a slipknot. You are then going to put that loop onto the needle.
Just one needle and tighten the loop up, you don't want it too tight, but you want a little bit of space showing between the knot and the needle. Okay? Now for the Simple or Loop cast on, you're going to hold the needle in your left hand, and you are going to take your right index finger, and scoop up that yarn. You then need to turn your finger so that it's facing the same direction, it's parallel to the needle, and slide that loop onto the needle and just tighten it up gently.
Again, I'm going to scoop up that yarn, turn my finger and slide that loop on so there's a little cross there so it will stay on the needle properly. Pick up, turn, so there's a cross, slide on and so forth. This is a very fast easy cast on method.
You can get stitches onto the needle really quickly. But because this is only a single cross, it's not a particularly strong cast on. So it works really well if you have a project that you just need to put a few stitches on and start.
For example, a triangular shawl, you'd start at the point with maybe just 3 stitches and grow as you end. So this is a great method for that. So just picking it up, turning and sliding onto the needle.
But for anything that you want to be a little stronger, you might try one of the other two cast on methods. The first is the Long Tail Cast On. So I'm just going to pull these off the needle and start again.
So for the Long Tail Cast On, as the name implies, you need a long tail. You need about 12, about a foot or about 30 cm of yarn for every 20 stitches you want to put on the needle with an average thickness of yarn. If you have a very thin yarn like a lace weight yarn, you'll need a little bit less.
If you have a very thick, chunky or bulky yarn, you'll need a little bit more, but on average, about 30 cm for every 20 stitches. Above that point, you're then going to make your slipknot again and place that on the needle, tighten it up gently. This time you're going to hold the needle in your right hand.
So what you want do is you're going to take these 3 fingers of your left hand, your little finger, ring finger and middle finger and you are going to grab both pieces of that yarn. You're then going to take your index finger and thumb and you're to put them between the 2 pieces of yarn and spread them out, parting it like a tiny curtain. I'm just going to do that again, so I grab with these 3, take my index finger and thumb and put them between that yarn and spread it out.
I then need to just pull my hand upright and the needle down so that I'm in a sling shot position. Okay, once you're in position, you're then going to take your right needle and you're going to scoop up the yarn that's over your thumb from the outside in. So you're scooping in this