How To Plan Home Lighting
Home lighting is an important part of interior design. This is how to map it out and brighten your space.
Lighting in your home is a very important thing if you're redoing your room or building an extension, redecorating, and you want to rethink the lighting that you've got and where your electrical sockets are. If we look at interior design drawings, they are done to scale using a scale ruler. A scale ruler has different measurements on different sizes.
A 75, 1 to 25, and those are in metrics. This measurement to .5 is 5 centimetres.
The equivalent of 5 centimetres, if you were to look at 5 centimetres in reality, is long. So, this has been scaled down 25% in order to create the equivalent in a smaller scale. That's what they mean by scale.
Because you can't draw a whole room, you have to draw it in a smaller size. There are three types of lighting to optimize the quality of light particularly in rooms where a lot of people use them. The first one is general lighting which is your ceiling pendant or down lights in the ceiling.
General light, when you flick the switch on and it's the thing that lights the room. Then, what you should consider is your task lighting. Your task lighting is the lamps, your floor lamps, your table lamps.
This is the lighting you use in order to do tasks like read, play cards, like put it to have conversations. It gives another level of light in the room. The third type of lighting is accent lighting and that's the type of lighting you would use to lighten the inside of shelves or maybe have a little spot that goes on to a picture.
That's all accent lighting. It is not necessary but it accentuates certain things that you might want to call attention to in your room. What you would do in a plan is measure out the space.
Measure it out in reality with measuring tape and then draw it to scale using 125 and then the room is the size of the actual room reduced by 25% and then put in your furniture - chairs, sofa, coffee table, a TV cabinet and a fireplace. Now, you have to think about where you want your lighting and the best way of knowing is once you know where your furniture's going to go. So, put a ceiling pendant light in the center and that's going to be on one switch, a dimmer switch.
Then, do a circuit of recessed down lights in the ceiling which are all directional. So, it's a different switch on the wall, another dimmer switch and it's connected to four lights. Because they're directional, if you do have some pictures on the wall, you can direct the light to the pictures.
Now, aside from that, you also have a floor lamp. This is a symbol for a floor lamp and that is going to a socket in the wall. Put another double socket in the wall and circle anything that's a new socket that doesn't exist already so the electrician knows that it's a new socket he has to put in.
If you don't put that in and the whole place was decorated and you put the table and the lamps, there wouldn't be any place to plug the lamps. So, you've got sockets for the TV, the AV equipment, and then this little symbol is the symbol for TV point. So, your electrician knows that he has to put all those things into that wall and they're all new.
If you wanted to do this for yourself on graph paper, that's quite easy. You take graph paper and every square of the graph paper. You make 1 centimetre or 1 inch if you work in imperial, so every square is 1 centimetre or 1 inch.
Measure out your room, length, width of your room. You need to mark in where your fireplace is, where your door into the room is. Once you measured your room, just draw in the measurements, the length, the width and where your windows and doors are, and then think about where you want your furniture to go.
A quick way is to a separate piece of paper, measure the sofa and then just draw a square on the paper and cut it out, so you can cut out the scale version of your sofa and then you're able to move it around on the base. Do the same for any furniture. That's where you decide where to have your central ceiling light,