How To Properly Care For Your Puppy
How To Properly Care For Your Puppy
A guide explaining how to care for puppies with advice from Battersea Dogs and Cats Home in London. This film shows you how to give your puppy the time and attention they need, so follow VideoJug's advice and learn to care for your puppy.
Step 1: Bringing your puppy home
A few days before collecting your puppy, take a blanket to the rescue centre or breeder so it's used to sleeping on it by the time it goes home. On the first few nights, play with your puppy before you go to bed to help it sleep. Put newspaper on the floor as it probably won't be housetrained.
Step 2: Housing and Bedding
Your puppy will need a food and water bowl and bedding which is warm, dry and comfortable. Put the bed in a draught-free corner of the kitchen as it should be warm and have a washable floor. It will also need a well-fenced garden where it can exercise and play, and plenty of chewy toys to play with.
Step 3: Handling
Pick up your puppy by gently scooping it up, keeping one hand under the chest. Stroke it every day, running your hands over it's body, legs and head, so that it will be comfortable when examined by a vet.
Step 4: Diet
Puppies need to be fed little and often with specially formulated puppy food. Puppies aged 6 to 8 weeks should be fed 4 times a day, at 12 to 20 weeks they should be fed 3 times a day and from 20 weeks onwards twice a day. The quantity will depend on the breed and age. Feed your puppy the smallest quantity recommended for it's age and size, and only increase this if it starts to look thin. It will also need fresh, clean water every day. Don't give your puppy milk as it may cause diarrhoea. To stop a puppy chewing your shoes, give it rawhide chews, nylon bones or large hard biscuits.
Step 5: Exercise and Play
Puppies shouldn't be left on their own for more than 3 hours a day as they will become lonely and destructive, and the time they are left alone should be built up gradually. They shouldn't be left alone with a strange dog or child. Puppies' bones and joints are still soft and developing, so avoid hard exercise and games that make them twist and turn. Don't force your puppy to play when it is trying to sleep, and keep children away from the bed area. Puppies should mix with other, friendly animals in controlled circumstances after they have been fully vaccinated. Take your puppy out in the garden frequently, particularly straight after meals and as soon as it wakes up. You can start taking it for walks a week after the second course of vaccinations.
Step 6: Cleaning
It is important to clean up after your puppy when you take it for a walk. Use gloves or a pooper scooper as dog faeces can contain a worm which causes health problems. To stop your puppy using the house as a toilet, give it plenty of praise when it uses the garden, and take it back to the same area each time. Bedding should be aired every day and washed or replaced every week.
Step 7: Grooming
Puppies should be brushed every day with a soft brush to keep their coats in good condition. Different breeds will need different amounts of washing and grooming, so ask a vet or groomer about how often and what sort of brush you should use. Give your puppy a chew or toy so that it enjoys the experience and is distracted. Remember to brush the tummy and between the hind legs. Grooming is a good way to bond with your puppy while you can check its skin and coat for health problems.
Step 8: Health
A healthy puppy has bright eyes and a shiny coat with no signs of discharge around the eyes, mouth or nostrils. It should be able to walk without limping and have clean teeth and gums. Keep its teeth clean with chews, strong toys, or canine toothpaste and brushes available from your vet. The skin should be clean, with no lumps, bumps or inflammation. Your puppy should have a clean, glossy coat and no signs of diarrhoea around its tail. Puppies need vaccinations which can be expensive but are vital to your pet's wellbeing. They need regular treatment for fleas and worms. In the UK