How To Read A Sewing Pattern
Reading a sewing pattern can be difficult for beginners unfamiliar with their design. This video lays out the design of a sewing pattern in a clear, complete and concise way with easy to follow instructions.
Hi, my name's Aliza from Seam So Easy, www.seamsoeasy.com.
I've been sewing for 15 years and today, I'm going to show you some techniques. Today, I'm going to talk through a sewing pattern. These, you can buy at any haberdashery.
You can also buy them online. These are the ones that come in the form of a package but you also get them as .PDF downloads now, and they will tell you how to print it up and it will come in that number of pages.
The sewing pattern at the back will have the body measurements of the size you're going to cut for and the yardage. Most patterns won't just give you one pattern, they'll give you variations and options. As you can see, style A is a dress.
Style B is also a dress, but in the second option, there is another ruffle added. So, you choose which one you would like to do. Say you were going to do style A, you turn it to the back and style A here, and you can see it says A dress and there's 45, and 45 means the width of the fabric.
Sewing fabric generally comes in 45 or 60 width and if you were going to buy 45 width fabric, you would need 2 and 1/4 meters and these are the sizes. You take the measurements for chest and waist and approximate height measurement and the height would only make a difference in where you wanted your hem to finish, and choosing that. Say, we did for a 3-year-old girl which would be this.
You would need 2 and 3/4 yards of fabric and at the bottom, it'll tell you, you need half a yard of ribbon, 3/8 wide. You should be able to get all of that at your haberdasheries, otherwise nowadays, you get lots of different fabric stores online, and they will all be able to coordinate fabrics and give you what you need. It will also tell you at the top here, under fabrics, what sort of fabrics are best done.
I will also show you. This is what a pattern will look like. It will come on this piece of paper, and if you notice, this is just half of it.
Each of it has got a number, so there's number 10, number 14, number 13, and each number corresponds to a piece of a pattern. So, taking that, we were going to sew that dress A. When you look at your pattern, it says A Dress: Use pieces one, two, three, four, five, six, seven and eight, and it also gives you this little map.
So on size 44 to 45 inch fabric with map all sizes, this is how, once you lay your fabric down, you're going to cut your pieces out and lay it on the fabric. There's also a guide up here which shows each piece individually so you know what you're cutting. So, that's number one, that's number two that's either side of the front bodice.
Number three which is probably lying at the back. Number four, which is the front, over there. Number five which is the binding for the back of the neck.
Number 6 which is the back. 7 and 8 will be lying pieces as well and that is what you need. These are the general directions and each pattern piece will have this.
This is the pattern. Each one uses symbols. So, that's a grain line.
It's a straight arrow and two arrows on the other side. The Grain Line: place the straight grain of fabric parallel to salvage, and here is the grain line on the piece. What that simply means is you either trace this or cut this piece out, and lay it flat on a piece of fabric so it's going perpendicular to the salvage of the fabric.
That means place solid line on fold of fabric, so that would be like this piece over here and what that means is you would fold your fabric in two and place this at the fold of the fabric, so you're cutting a double piece of that. Center front or back of garment: that is simply a line that shows you how to center your garment as you're sewing it. Those notches are just a reduced bug while you're sewing.
Dots like that would simply mean that you have to center those dots one on top of the other when you're sewing them to make sure that you're getting everything nice and straight. The single solid black line is a cutting line,