How To Tune A Violin
This VideoJug film is designed to show you how to tune a violin. So just follow the steps in the film and you will have an in-tune violin.
Hello, my names Mathew Forbes from the Music Workshop Company. I'm going to take you through how to tune some instruments, how to play them basically and also how to read the notated music for them. So tuning a violin again, we have two fundamental pieces of mechanics to help us tune.
We have the pegs at this end for the more extreme changes and we have sometimes fine tuners, adjusters, at the other end, the pegs can be very specific on the violin so some people prefer not to have adjusters here. We have on this violin, we have two here and two were we will just use the peg. Generally, we start tuning with the "A," now obviously, the violin has four strings but the "A" is in the middle of the instrument, second string down from the top.
To count from the top we have E, A, D and G tuned in perfect fifths and I will get onto that in a moment. But I'll start with the "A" because in orchestras anyways, you get the "A" from the oboe and it's often the note we use to tune generically. So, the "A" now, I have a piano here to help me out and the "A" on the violin is this "A" here.
The "A" above middle "C" is middle "C" there, this is the "A". To me that is rather flat so I am going to use the peg, almost there, too far. Now, you may find it helpful and I like the idea of having the note in your head as well as in your ears and the best way to do that is to sing it.
So "LA", "LA" is the actual note, but more comfortable for me is "LA" and that's the "A" sound, the "LA". If the string matches my voice, "LA", I know I'm in tune. So I'm going to go downwards from here.
It should be a "D" and I'm going to count down on the tonic sol-fa scale from "So" to "Do", "So", "Fa", "Mi", "Re", "Do" and that note is the next one which is the note "D". Ah, I need to come up a bit. "So", "Fa", "Mi", "Re", "Do", almost there.
Sounds good to me, maybe a little bit sharp. Another way of telling if a fifth when it's in tune is to think of the beginning of "Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star". Twinkle, twinkle is the right interval for the violin.
So happy with that one, I'm going to go down another string to the bottom string It's the "G", "So", "So", "Fa", "Mi", "Re", "Do", "Do". Again rather too low. If you find that you hear the note and you know it's wrong, but you can't work out whether it's sharp or flat, the best thing to do is to go deliberately sharp and come back to “twinkle, twinkle.
” I'm happy with that and so the "A" that we started, we have one more string above, it is the "E," so this time, we can follow the scale upwards so, "Do", "Re", "Mi", "Fa", "So", the "E" and a little low, I'm going to use the adjuster this time because it's not too far and we have one violin in tune. .